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Nursing Resources: Research

What is a Systematic Review?

A systematic Review is a summary of rigorously obtained and scrutinized research literature related to a focused question. It involves identifying, selecting, appraising and synthesizing all high quality research evidence relevant to that question. 

Reference Management

Reference management tools allow you to collect, organize, and store bibliographic information, and assist in creating and formatting bibliographies

Need to create a single reference quickly?  PubMed and Nursing Reference Center Plus each contain a citation creator feature with a few format options.

Journal Selection for Authors

CASP Appraisal Tools

Critical Appraisal Skills Programme (CASP) offers a set of 8 critical appraisal checklists.

Research and Publication Support

Levy Library Guides with research and publishing support information:

Print Books

The following print books are available at the Levy Library.  Access restrictions may apply due to Covid.

Nursing Research

Nursing Research is research that is used to support nursing practices. Nurse researchers play a vital role in all aspects of health care delivery, from policy development to nurse education to community health best practices. Nurse research enhances innovation, evidence-based practice and is an essential component of Magnet organizations. 

The National Institute of Nursing Research states that nursing research develops knowledge to:

  • Build the scientific foundation for clinical practice
  • Prevent disease and disability
  • Manage and eliminate symptoms caused by illness
  • Enhance end-of-life and palliative care

Sources: National Institute of Nursing Research. National Institute of Nursing Research-In Brief: what is nursing research? [Pamphlet]. Bathesda MD:  2021 June 2. Available from:

PICO Framework for Forming a Clinical Question

Research begins with a searchable, answerable question.  PICO is a tool used to form a focused clinical question.  To find the best research, clinicians start with a well-designed, focused question that contains all the elements that will lead to a relevant literature search. Types of clinical questions include: diagnosis, prevention, therapy, etiology or harm.

  • – Patient, Population or Problem
  • I  – Intervention (or exposure)
  • C – Comparison 
  • O – Outcome

Evidence Pyramid: Levels of Evidence

Evidence-based medicine pyramid

The evidence pyramid depicts the hierarchy of levels of evidence based on the strength of research methods. Levels of evidence are assigned to study types based on the methodological quality of their design. As you move up the pyramid the level of evidence increases. It is still necessary to critically appraise how well a study was conducted, and to assess validity, potential bias, confounders, and chance in order to identify relevant papers and clinical applicability.

Image: Triton College Library Nursing Guide [Internet]. 2016. The evidence pyramid. Available from:

Sources: Al-Jundi A, Sakka S. Clinical appraisal of clinical research. Journal of clinical and diagnostic research. 2017 May; 11(5): JE10-JE05. Available from: DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2017/26047.9942

Databases  is a resource provided by the U.S. National Library of Medicine of privately and publicly funded clinical studies conducted around the world.

Trip Database  is a clinical search engine designed to allow users to quickly and easily find and use high-quality research evidence to support their practice and/or care.

Magnet Recognized

Magnet logo

The Mount Sinai Hospital earned Magnet status by the American Nurses Credentialing Center for the 3rd consecutive cycle in 2014 for our team’s unwavering dedication to patient care and nursing excellence. Prior Magnet designations were awarded in 2004 and 2009.


Mount Sinai Center for Nursing Research and Education

Mount Sinai Nurses Website

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Medical Librarian and Library Manager

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Linda Paulls
Mount Sinai Beth Israel Library
First Avenue at 16 Street
4 Silver, Room 12
New York, NY 10003
Subjects: Nursing