Nursing Resources: Research
Nursing Research is research that is used to support nursing practices. Nurse researchers play a vital role in all aspects of health care delivery, from policy development to nurse education to community health best practices. Nurse research enhances innovation, evidence-based practice and is an essential component of Magnet organizations.
The National Institute of Nursing Research states that nursing research develops knowledge to:
- Build the scientific foundation for clinical practice
- Prevent disease and disability
- Manage and eliminate symptoms caused by illness
- Enhance end-of-life and palliative care
Sources: National Institute of Nursing Research. National Institute of Nursing Research-In Brief: what is nursing research? [Pamphlet]. Bathesda MD: 2021 June 2. Available from: https://www.ninr.nih.gov/sites/files/docs/NINROverviewFlyer_0.pdf
PICO Framework for Forming a Clinical Question
Research begins with a searchable, answerable question. PICO is a tool used to form a focused clinical question. To find the best research, clinicians start with a well-designed, focused question that contains all the elements that will lead to a relevant literature search. Types of clinical questions include: diagnosis, prevention, therapy, etiology or harm.
- P – Patient, Population or Problem
- I – Intervention (or exposure)
- C – Comparison
- O – Outcome
Evidence Pyramid: Levels of Evidence
The evidence pyramid depicts the hierarchy of levels of evidence based on the strength of research methods. Levels of evidence are assigned to study types based on the methodological quality of their design. As you move up the pyramid the level of evidence increases. It is still necessary to critically appraise how well a study was conducted, and to assess validity, potential bias, confounders, and chance in order to identify relevant papers and clinical applicability.
Image: Triton College Library Nursing Guide [Internet]. 2016. The evidence pyramid. Available from: https://library.triton.edu/c.php?g=433673&p=3720267
Sources: Al-Jundi A, Sakka S. Clinical appraisal of clinical research. Journal of clinical and diagnostic research. 2017 May; 11(5): JE10-JE05. Available from: DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2017/26047.9942
ClinicalTrials.gov is a resource provided by the U.S. National Library of Medicine of privately and publicly funded clinical studies conducted around the world.
Trip Database is a clinical search engine designed to allow users to quickly and easily find and use high-quality research evidence to support their practice and/or care.
The Mount Sinai Hospital earned Magnet status by the American Nurses Credentialing Center for the 3rd consecutive cycle in 2014 for our team’s unwavering dedication to patient care and nursing excellence. Prior Magnet designations were awarded in 2004 and 2009.