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Levy Library Blog

Article in the Spotlight: August 2018

by Angelyn Thornton on 2018-08-08T10:41:44-04:00 | Comments

Each month the Levy Library showcases the achievements of Mount Sinai faculty and researchers by highlighting an article and its altmetrics. Altmetrics are alternative measures of impact that capture non-traditional data like abstract views, article downloads, and social media activity.

This month we highlight Genomic and Molecular Landscape of DNA Damage Repair Deficiency across The Cancer Genome Atlas. This study was written by a team of researchers including Mount Sinai’s John A. Martignetti (Genetics and Genomics), Robert Korst (Thoracic Surgery), and Peter Dottino (Gynecologic Oncology). 

Citation: Cell Reports, 23(1): 239-254.e9. DOI: 10.1016/j.celrep.2018.03.076 Copyright 2018 The Author(s). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license. 

 

 

Summary

DNA damage repair (DDR) pathways modulate cancer risk, progression, and therapeutic response. We systematically analyzed somatic alterations to provide a comprehensive view of DDR deficiency across 33 cancer types. Mutations with accompanying loss of heterozygosity were observed in over 1/3 of DDR genes, including TP53 and BRCA1/2. Other prevalent alterations included epigenetic silencing of the direct repair genes EXO5MGMT, and ALKBH3 in ∼20% of samples. Homologous recombination deficiency (HRD) was present at varying frequency in many cancer types, most notably ovarian cancer. However, in contrast to ovarian cancer, HRD was associated with worse outcomes in several other cancers. Protein structure-based analyses allowed us to predict functional consequences of rare, recurrent DDR mutations. A new machine-learning-based classifier developed from gene expression data allowed us to identify alterations that phenocopy deleterious TP53 mutations. These frequent DDR gene alterations in many human cancers have functional consequences that may determine cancer progression and guide therapy.

 


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