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Academic Integrity

What is Academic Integrity?

Academic integrity has multiple definitions, usually with a negative connotation to things like plagiarism and cheating. Recent research eschews this view and asks for a more holistic and positive view of academic integrity, merging the term with the values of honesty, trust, fairness, respect, and responsibility in learning, teaching, and research. Higher education institutions consider academic integrity as honesty, responsibility, and openness in scholarship and scholarly activity. According to the Writing Center at the University of North Carolina Chapel Hill (2020), academic integrity is the commitment to and demonstration of honest and moral behavior in an academic setting. This is most relevant at the university level as it relates to providing credit to other people when using their ideas. In simplest terms, it requires acknowledging the contributions of other people through citing their work. Failure to provide such acknowledgment is considered plagiarism.

How Do You Maintain Academic Integrity: 

  • Truthfully report your research 

  • Acknowledge where the information you use comes from 

  • Use information appropriately, according to copyright and privacy laws

  • Do not present other people's work as your own 

  • Act in an ethical manner in all your academic endeavors

Adapted from: LaTrobe University. LibGuides: Academic integrity: Academic integrity. (n.d.). Retrieved April 7, 2020, from https://latrobe.libguides.com/c.php?g=414025&p=4081492

What Constitutes as Academic Dishonesty?

Breaching Academic Integrity:

Includes, but is not limited to, plagiarism, cheating in exams or assignments, impersonation in exams, collusion, theft of another student’s work, sabotage of another student’s learning/assessment, paying a third party for assignments, downloading whole assignments (or parts of assignments) from the Internet (including file-sharing sites), falsification of data, misrepresentation of records, and fraudulent research and publishing practices (Bretag, 2018). 

Plagiarism Defined:

The Merriam Webster dictionary defines the act of plagiarism as; “to steal and pass off ideas or words of another as one’s own”. Simply put, plagiarism is the process of taking other people’s words and/or ideas and pretending that they are your own. 

Cheating:

Cheating is defined as fraud, deceit, or dishonesty in an academic assignment. It includes using or attempting to use materials, or assisting others in using materials that are prohibited or inappropriate in the context of the academic assignment in question. For example:

  • Copying or attempting to copy from others during an exam or on an assignment

  • Communicating answers with another person during an exam

Fabrication or Falsifying:

Fabrication involves inventing or counterfeiting information, i.e., creating results not obtained in a study or laboratory experiment. Falsification, on the other hand, involves deliberately altering or changing results to suit one’s needs in an experiment or other academic exercise.

Collusion:

Collusion is the unauthorized collaboration on assessable work (written, oral or practical) with other people.

Adapted from: Definition of Academic Dishonesty. (2017, October 10). Retrieved from https://clas.ucdenver.edu/faculty-staff/policies-procedures/handling-academic-dishonesty/definition-academic-dishonesty