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Evidence Based Medicine Guide: Module 4: Apply

Applying the Evidence

Even if you have found the evidence to be valid, significant and generalizable from the study population to your patient, you must still decide how — or whether — to apply the findings to your patient's care. The evidence alone is never enough, and the last step of the EBM process arguably requires the most skill. It is here that you synthesize the best scientific knowledge with your clinical expertise and the patient's unique values and circumstances to reach a clinical decision.

Recommended Reading

Reference Shelf: Best of the Best EBM eBooks

Levy Library licenses over 250 ebooks with the words "evidence-based" in the title. The two titles here are our choice for your virtual reference shelf. These titles cover all steps of the evidence cycle, and are especially useful as guides to critical appraisal. 

This Guide

Created by Pauline Beam, Tina O'Grady and Alan Krissoff.  Updated and maintained in 2012-2013 by Pauline Beam and Judy Stribling. Updated and maintained 2014-2016 by Rachel Pinotti. Updated and maintained 2016-present by Rebecca Shows (rebecca.shows@mssm.edu).